Electric mobility is one of the key topics shaping the future of the BMW Group in terms of sustainable mobility. The increasing number of electrified models and continuously growing sales volume figures place the BMW Group firmly among the leading providers of premium electric mobility worldwide. We see electrification from a holistic point of view and consider it essential to promote electric mobility by putting in place the necessary charging infrastructure as well as customer-friendly charging solutions. Accordingly, we are continuously expanding our range of products and providing a comprehensive range of charging products and services.
Driving electric mobility forward.
Our electrified vehicles are making an essential contribution to driving down fleet emissions and thus to meeting our ambitious strategic decarbonisation targets right across the value chain. For this reason, we are systematically continuing to electrify our model range as a vital ingredient of our product strategy.
Drive system diversity.
The BMW Group has always focused its business on the needs of its customers and our product portfolio amply reflects this enduring ambition. Leveraging the benefits of scalable, modular design and the Group’s flexible production systems, customers can now choose between fully electric vehicles, plug-in hybrids and efficient conventionally powered models. A prime example of the freedom of choice our customers enjoy is the BMW X3, which is the first model series to be available as a plug-in hybrid, a combustion engine version (both diesel and petrol), and as a BMW iX3 with an all-electric drive system.
By offering parallel drive technologies, we are creating a smooth transition to the future of electric mobility, while simultaneously making the best possible use of our existing resources. At the same time, we are systematically continuing to electrify our product range, driven by the dual forces of growing customer demand and regulatory requirements.
By 2025, the proportion of electrified automobiles in total Group deliveries is projected to rise to at least 30 %. By the year 2030, at least half of the BMW Group’s vehicle deliveries worldwide are set to be fully electric models. Moreover, we intend to put some ten million fully electric vehicles on the road during the next ten years. By the early 2030s, the BMW Group plans to offer only all-electric vehicles to its MINI and Rolls-Royce customers. The fact that we are systematically electrifying both brands has to do with their typical user profiles, as MINIs are predominantly used for urban driving, while Rolls-Royce cars are mainly used for shorter distances.
The BMW Group’s range of electrified products consists of purely battery electric vehicles (BEV) and plug-in hybrid models (PHEV). Apart from the established all-electric BMW i3, MINI Cooper SE and BMW iX3 models already available, two key innovation drivers were added during the year under report – the BMW iX6 and the BMW i4. Over the next two years, the all-electric versions of the BMW 7 Series, the BMW X1, the high-volume 5 Series and the MINI Countryman are set to follow, as will the all-electric Rolls-Royce Spectre. From 2025, we will be rigorously taking the core BMW brand into a new all-electric dimension with the "Neue Klasse".
During the year under report, the BMW Group also added further engine variants to its PHEV model range with the BMW 320e and the BMW 520e. Including these innovations, we are currently offering 17 plug-in hybrid basic models3 in a total of 83 markets worldwide. With innovations such as the BMW eDrive Zone, extensive charging options and increased ranges, we are enabling drivers of plug-in hybrids to travel electrically as often and over as long a distance as possible. The BMW 2 Series Active Tourer compact plug-in hybrid model will be launched in 2022 and capable of travelling up to 80 kilometres (WLTP) purely on its own battery power.
In 2021, the BMW Group delivered a total of 328,314 all-electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles (2020: 192,662) to customers, around 104,000 of them with all-electric drive systems, thus surpassing our self-imposed target of more than doubling our sales of electrified vehicles compared with the 2019 figure (146,158 units). Therefore, at the end of 2021, more than one million BMW Group vehicles with fully electric or plug-in hybrid drive systems were on the road worldwide Automotive segment. In the year under report, the percentage share of electrified vehicles to total BMW Group deliveries reached 13.0 %.
Increasing range to suit customer needs.
The BMW Group assesses the increase in electric vehicle ranges from various points of view. We are not aiming to provide the technically greatest possible range across all vehicle segments as a matter of pure principle. It is far more important to adapt the range to suit the intended use of each individual vehicle. At the same time, we also need to consider the ecological impact, as a longer range means larger and therefore heavier high-voltage batteries. This relationship has a direct effect on resource consumption, the environmental footprint of the respective supply chain, and vehicle weight, which in turn has a significant influence on the overall consumption of a given vehicle.
For these reasons, the MINI Cooper SE6 is designed for urban driving and has a range of more than 200 kilometres (WLTP), in line with customer requirements. The new BMW iX and i4 models are designed for covering long distances of around 600 kilometres (WLTP) on just one charge. In view of the customer and usage profiles of both vehicles, we consider these ranges to be optimal. Fully electric vehicles will be capable of achieving ranges of more than 600 kilometres (WLTP), depending on vehicle size and type, as the use of electric mobility continues to become more widespread.
Our customer-oriented technological diversity approach also includes the further development of fuel cell technology, for which we see considerable potential, depending on the segment. We see electric drive systems that use hydrogen as an energy storage system as a complementary addition to battery electric mobility and as an opportunity to reduce carbon emissions at an even faster rate. In this context, we presented the BMW iX5 Hydrogen at the IAA Mobility 2021.
We are also driving hydrogen fuel cell technology forward at a higher level. For example, we are involved in worldwide organisations and associations, such as the Hydrogen Council. As an associated partner of H2 Mobility Deutschland GmbH, the BMW Group supports the establishing of infrastructure required for hydrogen-powered vehicles. In this context, the BMW Group welcomes the call in the EU’s Fit for 55 legislative package to establish a basic infrastructure of 700-bar hydrogen refuelling stations.
Expanding charging infrastructure and enabling faster charging.
An expanded, customer-friendly charging infrastructure will pave the way for the rapid and widespread use of electric mobility. For this reason, the BMW Group is committed to creating standardised framework conditions and services that enable easy charging.
Range of reliable charging services.
With BMW Charging and MINI Charging, the BMW Group offers a comprehensive range of charging solutions that make electrified vehicles more convenient to use in a variety of situations. These include charging products and services that benefit customers on the road, at home and at work.
Customers can use their BMW and MINI charging cards to take advantage of public charging services, providing them with straightforward, transparent access to one of the world's largest charging networks with over 250,000 charging points across Europe, of which 48,000 are located in Germany alone, and also include fast-charging stations with a capacity of over 150 kilowatts (kW). The IONITY European high-power charging service can also be accessed via BMW Charging and MINI Charging. In 2021, the BMW Group introduced a standardised tariff structure for public charging in 22 European countries.
With the Connected Charging application, available both within the vehicle and as a smartphone app, we also enable MINI and BMW drivers to charge their vehicles in a predictive, convenient and cost-efficient manner. The service provides drivers with comprehensive information at any time, including the remaining range of their vehicle and the availability of charging points.
Apart from the public charging services they offer, BMW Charging and MINI Charging provide a standard charging solution in the form of the Flexible Fast Charger and other charging products designed for home use. BMW also offers charging solutions for corporate customers in collaboration with partners. The BMW Group itself operates one of the largest company charging networks in Germany. Employee mobility
In addition to the BMW Charging and MINI Charging services, we offer green electricity tariffs and attractive solar power services for the home in certain countries and plans are being put in place to expand this offering to other markets.
IONITY EUROPEAN FAST-CHARGING NETWORK.
At European level, in collaboration with the joint venture IONITY, the BMW Group is further expanding a comprehensive, high-performance, fast-charging network along major road routes. Depending on the vehicle, charging is particularly fast with capacities of up to 350 kW. All IONITY charging points are publicly accessible, regardless of vehicle brand, and designed in accordance with the European Combined Charging System (CCS) standard. A ubiquitous high-power charging network is key to achieving sufficient market penetration and ultimately the success of electric mobility. All 6,600 IONITY charging points are powered by 100 % green electricity.
Improving framework conditions.
The BMW Group still sees a need for political action in order to better promote electric mobility in many countries and cities. EU market research data highlight the close correlation between the density of charging infrastructure and the sale of electrified vehicles – both at the level of member states and in a comparison of various regions.
We support political initiatives in favour of sector coupling, with the aim of forming smart connections between the mobility and the energy sectors. The BMW Group is also conducting its own targeted research and development work in this area. For example, as part of a pilot project in California, USA, customers can already use the BMW ChargeForward service to synchronise their charging behaviour with grid capacity utilisation and the use of renewable forms of energy (Collaboration with cities). The further expansion of this technology is planned.
Another project aimed at promoting sector coupling is socalled Bidirectional Charging Management (BDL), which is funded by Germany's Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. BDL transforms electric vehicles into mobile energy storage devices and thus into a part of the energy system in that their batteries are not only able to store electricity, but also simultaneously feed it into the operator's power grid in the opposite direction.
Recording electric mobility over the entire life cycle
Electrified vehicles need to be as eco-friendly as possible, not only during their use phase, but also in terms of their overall footprint, including the supply chain. Holistic management system. In the BMW Group’s case, for instance, this was confirmed by the environmental report on the BMW iX3: Over its life cycle, the all-electric vehicle emits around 40 % fewer carbon emissions1 than the BMW X3 30i reference vehicle. If the battery is charged using renewable energy only, carbon emissions are even around 67 % lower.
The environmental impact of a battery vehicle is predominantly caused in the upstream value chain, where the purchasing of raw materials to manufacture battery cells and the carbon-intensive production of the batteries themselves leave a significant footprint.
For this reason, the BMW Group sees it as particularly important to produce components such as the electric motor, high-voltage storage systems, and battery cells in a more sustainable manner. Reducing carbon emissions in the supply chain. Other methods of mitigating the environmental impact include recycling and reusing the high-voltage storage units installed in our BEV and PHEV models. The BMW Group already offers all customers that use its battery-powered vehicles to take back their high-voltage batteries free of charge at the end of their life cycle.